How to Flush Brake Fluid
Brake fluid plays an important role in a vehicle's braking system. This type of fluid is mainly used in hydraulic clutches to transfer force created by a vehicle's hydraulic lines straight to the wheels' braking mechanisms. To maintain the reliability of brake fluid, automotive experts and professionals advise that the best time to flush your brake fluid is around every 1 to 2 years.
Flushing brake fluid requires some effort and a bunch of tools. The following are the things you'll need for your task: a brake bleeder kit, a floor jack, a couple of jack stands, a flare nut wrench, a 1/2-inch drive socket set, and a 1/2-inch drive torque wrench. You will also need a can of brake cleaner and a clear plastic tube.
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Before you actually flush the brake fluid, you need to take your ride out for a little spin, so that you can test the brakes. Go for a drive and apply the brakes the way you would normally do.
Make sure you park your ride somewhere solid and very level, and be sure that you set the parking brake.
Pop open your hood and secure it with hood struts or hood props. Look for your master cylinder reservoir and remove all of the brake fluid contained in it. After that, you can now fill the master cylinder reservoir with the new brake fluid.
Loosen up the lug nuts of your braking wheels, but do not remove them completely. Lift your vehicle using the floor jack and keep it supported by the jack stands. Jack stands work best when placed at each corner of the vehicle, especially on the frame and pinch welds. Relying on the jack alone to support your ride's total weight might lead to unwanted accidents.
With the vehicle getting ample support, you can now remove the lug nuts completely, then remove the wheels. Set the wheels aside where they won't get damaged.
Look for the brake bleeder valve. You can find this valve on the passenger side's rear brake.
Get the clear piece of plastic tubing, and install it over the brake bleeder valve. The other end of the tube should go into a container that contains around 2 or 3 inches of brake fluid.
Get a piece of wood, around 14 in size, and place it under the brake pedal. This will prevent excessive movement. Get someone to pump your brake pedal a few times. After that, hold it down.
Crack open the brake bleeder valve so that the old brake fluid will transfer into the other container. After all the fluid and air bubbles have stopped flowing, you can now tighten the valve. Removing impurities and air from the brake fluid supply is also important for proper braking.
Repeat the process until you no longer see air bubbles and that only clean brake fluid bleeds out of the valve. Refill the brake fluid in the master cylinder. Be very careful not to drain the master cylinder fully.
Do the same steps for the other wheelsfrom installing the clear tube on the respective wheel's brake bleeder valve up to refilling the master cylinder. Do the left rear wheel, then proceed to the right front wheel, and cap your brake fluid flushing with the left front wheel.
Put the wheels back and put the lug nuts back snugly in place. Do not torque the lug nuts until you have lowered your vehicle. Make sure the amount of torque is consistent with the figure stated by your manufacturer. Road test your ride to see the results of your handiwork and make sure your brake pedal is solid.
Always check the brake fluid level in your ride's master cylinder. Low brake fluid level usually indicates that your brake pads or brake shoes are starting to wear out. More brake fluid is expended as brake calipers compensate by extending farther. Additionally, when flushing out brake fluid, make sure you get the appropriate type for refilling purposes.
Having the proper amount of clean and fresh brake fluid will do wonders for your ride's braking power, and this translates to improved overall road safety. It might not be an easy task, but the tradeoff is very much worth it, don't you think?
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Posted in Taxi/Limosine/Shuttle Post Date 02/16/2017